“…In laproscopic surgery, four or five very small incisions – about half an inch each – are made in the abdomen. Through each incision, the surgeon inserts a narrow instrument with tiny cameras and/or surgical tools attached to the end, allowing the surgeon to visualize and operate on the internal structures without cutting open the entire abdomen. Further refinements on this technique led to the development of a robotic interface, where the surgeon maneuvers the robot’s arms, which in turn control the cameras and instruments inserted in the abdomen – effectively performing the operation via remote control…” (Prostate Cancer Foundation – Pg. 23)